Spectrographic analysis points to source-filter coupling in rutting roars of Iberian red deerстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 19 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Spectrographic analysis points to source-filter coupling in rutting roars of iberian red deer / I. Volodin, E. Volodina, R. Frey et al. // Acta Ethologica. — 2013. — Vol. 16, no. 1. — P. 57–63. Source-filter coupling is the rarest acoustic phenomenon not only in Iberian red deer, but in any mammal. In most mammals, sound production can be well described in the framework of source–filter theory. The vocal output is the result of combined work of the larynx (the source) and of the supralaryngeal vocal tract (the filter). The source-filter theory suggests the independence of source and filter. Thus, vocal tract filtering should not affect the fundamental frequency (f0) of the sound created in the larynx. Spectrographically, the source is mostly characterized by the f0 and its harmonics, whilst the filter by the vocal tract resonances, i.e. formant frequencies. Nevertheless, a non-independent (coupled) source and filter can be proposed when the vocal folds start oscillating at one of the formant frequencies. Coupling between source and filter has been found in human singers and predicted for red deer Cervus elaphus by a computer modeling approach. This study describes different modes of phonation in a natural bout of rutting calls of Iberian red deer C.e. hispanicus and the transition from a chaotic mode to a probable source-filter coupling mode. This phenomenon might be involved in the production of extremely high-frequency bugles of North American and Asian subspecies of Cervus elaphus. [ DOI ]

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