Аннотация:Introduction. Analytical solutions for problems of structural mechanics are not only an alternative approach to solving problems of strength, reliability and dynamics of structures, but also the possibility for simple performance evaluations and optimization of structures. Frequency analysis of planar trusses, most often used in construction and engineering, is an important part of the study of structures.
Objectives — development of a three-parameter induction algorithm for deriving the analytical dependence of the natural oscillation frequencies of the truss on the number of panels.
Materials and methods. A flat, statically definable truss with one additional external link and double braces has been considered. The inertia properties of the truss are modeled by point masses located in the nodes of the lower straight truss belt. Each mass is assumed to have only one vertical degree of freedom. The stiffness of all truss rods is assumed to be the same. The task is to obtain analytical dependences of the oscillation frequencies of the proposed truss model on the number
of panels. The derivation of the desired formulas is performed by the method of induction in three stages — according to the numbers of rows and columns of the compliance matrix, calculated using the Maxwell – Mohr formula and the number of panels. To find common members of the obtained sequences of coefficients, an apparatus was used to compile and solve the recurrent equations of the Maple computer mathematics system. The task of determining frequencies has been reduced
to the eigenvalue problem of a bisymmetric matrix.
Results. For the elements of the compliance matrix, general formulas have been found, according to which the frequency equations are compiled and solved. It is shown that in the frequency spectra of trusses with different numbers of panels there is always one common frequency (middle frequency) located in the middle of the spectrum. An expression is found for the maximum value of the average oscillation frequency as a function of the height of the truss.
Conclusions. The proposed truss scheme, despite its external static indeterminacy and the lattice, which does not allow for the calculation of forces by such methods as the method of cutting nodes and the cross section method, allows analytical solutions for the natural frequencies of loads in the nodes. The obtained formulas have a rather simple form, and some general properties, such as frequency coincidences for different numbers of panels and the presence of an analytically calculated maximum of the average frequency function of the truss height, make this solution convenient for practical structural evaluations.