Validation of a distributed hydrological model against spatial observationsстатья

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[1] Validation of a distributed hydrological model against spatial observations / Y. G. Motovilov, L. Gottschalk, K. Engeland, A. Rodhe // Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. — 1999. — Vol. 98. — P. 257–277. In connection with climate change studies a new hydrologic field has evolved — regional hydrological modelling or hydrologic macro modelling, which implies repeated application of a model everywhere within a region using a global set of parameters. The application of a physically based distributed hydrological model ECOMAG to river basins within the NOPEX southern region with this purpose in mind is presented. The model considers the main processes of the land surface hydrological cycle: infiltration, evapotranspiration, heat and water regime of the soil, snowmelt, formation of surface, subsurface and river runoff and groundwater. The spatial integration of small and meso-scale non-homogeneity of the land surface is a central issue both for the definition of fundamental units of the model structure and for determination of representative values for model validation. ECOMAG is based on a uniform hydrological (or landscape) unit representation of the river basin, which reflects topography, soil, vegetation and land use. As a first step the model was calibrated using standard meteorological and hydrological data for 7 years from regular observation networks for three basins. An additional adjustment of the soil parameters was performed using soil moisture and groundwater level data from five small experimental basins. This step was followed by validation of the model against runoff for 14 years from six other drainage basins, and synoptic runoff and evapotranspiration measurements performed during two concentrated field efforts (CFEs) of the NOPEX project in 1994 and 1995. The results are promising and indicate directions for further research. [ DOI ]

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