Role of zinc and copper ions in the pathogenetic mechanisms of traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer's diseaseстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 27 мая 2020 г.

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[1] Isaev N., Stelmashook E., Genrikhs E. Role of zinc and copper ions in the pathogenetic mechanisms of traumatic brain injury and alzheimer's disease // Reviews in the Neurosciences. — 2020. — Vol. 31, no. 3. — P. 233–243. The disruption of homeostasis of zinc (Zn2+) and copper (Cu2+) ions in the central nervous system is involved in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Wilson's, Creutzfeldt-Jakob, Parkinson's, and Alzheimer's diseases (AD), and traumatic brain injury (TBI). The last two pathological conditions of the brain are the most common; moreover, it is possible that TBI is a risk factor for the development of AD. Disruptions of Zn2+ and Cu2+ homeostasis play an important role in the mechanisms of pathogenesis of both TBI and AD. This review attempts to summarize and systematize the currently available research data on this issue. The neurocytotoxicity of Cu2+ and Zn2+, the synergism of the toxic effect of calcium and Zn2+ ions on the mitochondria of neurons, and the interaction of Zn2+ and Cu2+ with β-amyloid (Abeta) and tau protein are considered. [ DOI ]

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