Rapid Ca2+-dependent NO-production from central nervous system cells in culture measured by NO-nitrite/ozone chemoluminescenceстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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[1] Rapid ca2+-dependent no-production from central nervous system cells in culture measured by no-nitrite/ozone chemoluminescence / S. Weikert, D. Freyer, M. Weih et al. // Brain Research. — 1997. — Vol. 748, no. 1-2. — P. 1–11. We have established simple and reliable measurement of constitutive nitric oxide (NO) synthase-dependent nitrite formation in supernatants from primary central nervous system (CNS) cells in culture using NO-ozone chemoluminescence. We found that: (1) astrocytes, endothelial cells and cerebellar granule cells produce NO upon stimulation with the calcium ionophore A23187 (1 microM); (2) application of 100 microM glutamate for 2 min results in NO-production in cerebellar granule cells and cortical neurons. NO-formation upon application of 50 mM KCl was found in cortical neurons; (3) in cultivated cerebral endothelial cells, an inducible form of NO-synthase (iNOS) is found under standard culture conditions. This induction was blocked by dexamethasone applied for at least 48 h and stimulation of constitutive NOS was detectable while iNOS was inhibited. The activity of iNOS was selectively inhibited by application of aminoguanidine for 48 h. Our results suggest that all major CNS cells implied in cerebral blood flow regulation and neurovascular coupling are capable of rapidly producing the vasodilator NO upon intracellular increases of the universal second messenger calcium.

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