One plus one: Binary alarm calls retain individual signature for longerperiods than single-note alarms in the European ground squirrel (Spermophilus citellus)статья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 13 июня 2017 г.

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[1] One plus one: Binary alarm calls retain individual signature for longerperiods than single-note alarms in the european ground squirrel (spermophilus citellus) / I. Schneiderova, E. V. Volodina, V. A. Matrosova, I. A. Volodin // Behavioural Processes. — 2017. — Vol. 138. — P. 73–81. Ground squirrels emit species-specific alarm calls that, among other characteristics, differ by the number of elements. Unlike some species that produce single-element calls, e.g., the Speckled ground squirrel (Spermophilus suslicus), individual European ground squirrels (S. citellus) frequently emit binary-element calls in addition to single-element calls. We tested the hypothesis that the time stability of individuality encoded in alarm calls might be better retained by complicating their acoustic structure by adding extra elements. In a semi-captive colony of individually marked European ground squirrels, we repeatedly recorded alarm calls that were produced towards a human by 12 adult (2 males and 10 females) live-trapped animals. Repeated recordings occurred within time spans of a few hours, 2 days and 1 year from the first recording. Our results showed that individual calls were highly similar within recordings, but less similar between recordings separated by time spans. Individual differences were best retained when we used nine acoustic variables from both elements. The differences were worse when we used nine variables from only the first element and worst when we used nine variables from only the second element. These results supported the caller reliability hypothesis for species that produce multiple-note alarms, e.g., the Richardson’s ground squirrel (S. richardsonii). [ DOI ]

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